welcome criminal lawyers

18. WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT CATEGORIES OF CRIME?

There are a few different ways to categorise crimes.

1. Origin of the crime:

  • Crimes can be created by acts of parliament by passing laws (also called statutes). An example of such a crime is Drunken Driving, which is officially called ‚ÄúContravention of sec 65(1) (read with section 89(1)) of the National Traffic Act 93 of 1996."
  • Crimes also originate from the common law. The common law is part of our law which originates mostly from Holland and is continuously developed by our courts. Murder, for example, originates from the common law. There is no act or statute which creates the crime of murder.

2. Nature of the crime

  • Some crimes have violence as an element: murder, robbery, assault, rape.
  • Crimes of dishonesty: theft, robbery, fraud, forgery.
  • Crimes of a sexual nature: rape, statutory rape, indecent assault
  • Traffic offences: speeding, drunken driving, parking violations.

Back to Questions